Bronze Fountains

Written by Patty Yu
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Bronze fountains are often used to accent gardens or patios. Some bronze artists create highly original designs that accurately and artistically portray animals or children. Many of us have seen bronze fountains that depict a child pouring water from a bucket, or a fountain with fish spitting water. Regardless of the scene portrayed, bronze art can add an air of sophistication to the space surrounding it.

How Bronze Fountains Are Made

Bronze statues of any shape are often made in a multi-step process that takes quite a bit of time. The multi-step process is referred to as lost wax casting, but there is also another method called cold casting. Lost wax casting is the preferred method because the many steps involved produce truly high quality bronze fountains and sculptures.

Lost wax casting requires several models and molds to be made, until a final ceramic mold is used for the sculpture. A bronze alloy made up of around 95 percent copper and the remainder of silicon is heated to 2,000° F. This molten bronze is poured in the ceramic mold and allowed to cool. Modern bronze alloys tend to expand just slightly upon setting, which allows every detail to be filled.

With cold casting, the bronze material is never heated or melted. Instead, a plaster or resin is mixed with bronze powder or bronze flakes and poured into a mold. The cold cast method is used primarily for mass-produced bronze fountains or sculptures. For many people, purchasing cold cast sculptures is the most economical way to have bronze art around the home.

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