Human Resources

Written by Serena Berger
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Companies need two types of human resources in order to operate: employees and customers. Traditionally, "Human Resources" refers to the former, and requires both managing your employees and keeping them content. You may be your company's only employee, in which case it's probably not very hard to keep yourself happy. (Keeping yourself managed may be another story!) But if you manage or own a mid-size company, an HR specialist might better handle many concerns that you may have been dealing with on your own. Training, recruiting, organizational structuring, and succession planning are all aspects of human resource management that a healthy organization needs to consider in order to thrive.

Common HR Duties

One of the tasks with which HR personnel can assist is the movement of employees within the company. If you are hiring new employees, HR can take care of benefits administration for the new employee so that he does not experience a lapse in coverage when joining you company. For employees leaving your company, HR can administer any severance package that was agreed upon between management and the employee.

HR departments are also involved with the recruiting of new employees. This may include tasks such as locating potential applicants and encouraging them to apply for positions, or assisting management in sifting through the resumes that have been received so that only viable candidates receive attention. Part of staffing also includes considering existing employees and determining if they would be a better fit for openings within the company, rather than hiring a new person.

One of the most important tasks related to human resources is ensuring that the work environment allows each employee to function without any strife. This often requires designing policies that govern relationships between different departments, managers, and individual employees. Policies that fall under the umbrella of HR initiatives include absence policies and sexual harassment policies. These are designed so that all workers are treated equitably and fairly, creating the most harmonious work conditions.

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