Job Training Programs

Written by Jacey Harmon
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Job training programs are used by individuals to gain the skills required for employment in the field. Businesses utilize job training programs to increase the efficiency and education of their employees. There are programs offered for every field of work that a person could think of, with programs ranging from technical certification to basic job skills. Training programs are offered through the private sector as well as through public government agencies.

Public Sector Training Programs

The federal government operates a wide selection of job training programs. These programs are intended to help individuals gain the skills necessary to enter or re-enter the workforce. Currently there are over 40 programs that are run by three departments--Department of Education, Department of Health, and Department of Human Services.

In 1988, the U.S. Congress passed the Workers Investment Act (WIA). This act consolidated many of the programs offered through the various government agencies. The act called for the creation of "One Stop Career Centers" in every state. These centers are intended to aid individuals in locating and utilizing government training programs as well as locate possible employment opportunities.

Other than providing skills to the applicant, federal job training programs offer some fringe benefits. Most programs are intended for poor individuals who may be on government assistance programs such as Welfare. The training programs are also aimed at those who have lost a job due to foreign trade. The training programs give applicants the skills necessary to be competitive in the workforce; hence they will ultimately reduce the need for government assistance as well as unemployment rates.

Private Sector Training Programs

The private sector has recognized the immense need for job training programs and has created an assortment of training program sources. The most common source for job training programs is higher education institutions. Colleges and universities offer degrees that give a student the necessary knowledge and skills to enter a specific field. Pretty much any job will require some sort of higher education from a College or university.

After a degree is earned, job training does not stop once you enter the workforce. Continued education has become a huge industry and may be a necessity, especially in the technology and medical fields. Continued education provides an opportunity to stay informed about technological advances as well as changes in the laws governing an industry. Continued education also allows an opportunity to earn a higher salary than one that does not participate in continuing their education.

Finding and Choosing a Job Training Program

Thanks to technology and government actions, finding a job training program is getting easier every year. The Internet is a great source for an individual looking for a job training program. There are several websites available that aid in finding desired training programs. One Stop Career Centers, which are located in every state, will provide resources that will help navigate federal training programs. Your local library will have information on finding training programs in your community. Individuals that are already employed in a desired field are another great source for finding training programs.

When choosing a training program it is important to evaluate the program to ensure it meets your needs. The cost can be a deciding factor when choosing a program. Many programs that are offered will be free but specific industry certification programs will likely have fees involved. The location and schedule need to be taken into consideration to ensure that a class can be attended.

If the same program is offered through competing agencies or institutions one should take into consideration the quality of support and the class itself. Support can range from job placement to child care assistance. The size of the class will have an influence on the quality of the learning experience. A smaller class may offer a better opportunity for one on one interaction with a teacher than a larger class.


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