Wild Alaska Salmon

Written by Jared Vincenti
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Almost all wild-caught salmon these days comes from the Pacific Ocean, as Atlantic Salmon populations have been depleted to the point that it is not profitable to fish for them. The Pacific Salmon in North America are caught from Northern California to the Arctic Circle. Alaska is the salmon capital of the United States, if not of the world, and catches millions of wild salmon each year.

Types of Alaska Salmon

There are several different species of salmon caught wild in Alaska. The type that brings the most revenue to the state, and which is caught in the greatest numbers, is the Sockeye Salmon. These salmon have very red flesh, and are popular for canning. However, recent market trends see more and more Sockeye Salmon sold frozen, as canning is becoming unpopular.

The favorite salmon of chefs and fish enthusiasts is the King Salmon. Far less abundant than Sockeye, the King Salmon is so named for its color, texture, size, and flavor. In addition, King Salmon have some of the highest levels of omega-3 fatty acids of all salmon, making them a healthy choice. King Salmon tend to be harder to catch than other fish, and are also the most expensive salmon to purchase.

Another important wild Alaska Salmon is the Coho Salmon. This silvery fish is known to be a fighter, and because of this is a favorite of sports anglers the world over. It is also very acrobatic, and is seen leaping out of the water and twisting in the air. While there aren't enough Coho to support a commercial industry, they attract many tourists to Alaska for the fishing, and they make up a vital corner of the Alaska salmon market.


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