History Of Craps

Written by Jacey Harmon
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The history of craps goes back a long way, especially if taken into consideration is the history of dice. Dice are the oldest gambling tools in existence. The term "roll the bones" derives from ancient Rome as soldiers rolled pig knuckles on the back of their shields to pass the time. Dice dating as far back as 900 A.D. have been found that are similar to modern types.

Some estimate that versions of craps have been around for over 2,000 years. Historians have varying accounts of the exact history of craps, though. Some speculate that the game dates back to the Roman Empire. Others claim that the true history of craps started in the Middle East as a game called Azzahr.

From the Roman Empire and the Middle East, the game migrated up into France. The French game, called Hazard, became very popular and made its way across Europe. It arrived in England where it was quickly adopted and by the 1700s formal rules were written. As the continental United States was being expanded into by Europeans, the game came with them.

Modern History of Craps Starts in the United States

As the French migrated to the southern United States, they brought the game with them. The modern game of craps started around New Orleans and became popular during the era of steamboats. The name craps evolved from the French name Crabes and English name Crabs.

As all bank games, or games where you bet against the house, were prohibited in the late 1800s, craps then went underground. Nevada first had legalized gambling from 1869 to 1910. Gambling was illegal in most places at the time and craps started making its way into Nevada. After a brief period of banning gambling, Nevada legalized games in 1931. Since then, Nevada has spawned one of the largest gambling cities in the world, Las Vegas, bringing the history of craps up to the modern era of internet casinos and web-based gambling.


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