Traditional Surrogacy

Written by Will Baum
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Traditional surrogacy is a route to bringing a child into the world that is distinct from gestational surrogacy. Both are regularly practiced with great success. Assisted reproductive services are in place that help couples and surrogates through all the psychological, legal, and medical complexities that arise when entering a surrogacy agreement.

Traditional Surrogacy and Gestational Surrogacy

In gestational surrogacy, a surrogate is an "incubator" of sorts. A woman who has had eggs harvested but cannot carry a child hands over those duties to another, a gestational surrogate. This often occurs when the woman has had a hysterectomy and simply cannot conceive a child on her own.

In traditional surrogacy (also known as artificial insemination), the surrogate is also the biological mother of the child. Traditional surrogates donate not only their body and time, but their eggs and DNA as well. The offspring of a traditional surrogate shares 50 percent of the surrogate mother's genetic material. This creates an additional need to be very clear when writing up legal agreements between the prospective parents and the surrogate. Today, the way this is done is though "step-parent adoption," which makes the non-biological mother the child's legal mother.

California courts are known for their strict adherence to the contents of agreements drawn up before a surrogate pregnancy is begun. In other states, the practice is not as well established. In some cases, people travel to California for surrogacy procedures in order to be protected by the courts. The Internet is a great place to track down clinics in California and elsewhere to help with your traditional surrogacy decisions and plans.

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