Treating Clinical Depression

Written by Kevin Tavolaro
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Psychotherapy is always a component of treating clinical depression. Although medications are also usually employed, psychotherapy is critical as it equips the patient with the coping skills necessary to overcome the effects of depression in their daily life. The combination of closely monitored medication and personalized psychotherapy techniques has been demonstrated to be one of the most effective measures for treating clinical depression.

"Talking therapy" revolves around verbal give-and-take between the patient and the therapist. The therapist employs the relaxed, social atmosphere of the therapy to help the patient, through loosely guided conversation, attain an accurate perception of their self and their situation. This is useful because one of the main elements of clinical depression is its tendency to foster a distorted perspective. This distorted perspective can be a huge impediment when it comes to recovery, as it prevents the patient from realizing the value of the therapy itself.

Treating Clinical Depression With Behavioral Therapy

Behavioral therapy is another method of psychotherapy often used when treating clinical depression. Behavioral therapy consists of two stages aimed at overcoming the effects of clinical depression. The first stage is an assessment of the patient's life and patterns of behavior. This is used to determine the sources and reasons for their clinical depression. The second stage is the development of a customized plan of action, in conjunction with the patient's understanding of their own behavior, to alter the patterns and processes that appear to instigate the depression.

Medications used for treating clinical depression work by altering the patient's brain chemistry. Neurological transmitters in the brain are responsible for regulating emotion and mood, and the irregular or excessive production of some of these transmitters is closely associated with clinical depression and other depressive disorders. There are three categories of antidepressant medications, which are tricylics, MAO inhibitors, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRIs are the most widely prescribed and newest type of these medications, and have been shown to be highly successful in most cases for relieving the effects of clinical depression

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