Traumatic Brain Injuries In A Child

Written by Sierra Rein
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Nothing is more devastating to a parent than to see his or her young child experience a traumatic brain injury. An injury to the brain usually results in lifetime consequences for the child, from learning disabilities to social anxiety and physical disorders that will affect his interaction with other people around him. However, with the right treatment and rehabilitation, any child can grow up to be a strong, intelligent, and productive part of society.

The most common type of traumatic brain injuries for children is an acquired brain injury (ABI), meaning the brain damage occurred after birth. ABIs are sustained by infection, disease, a blow to the head, or an unnatural decrease of oxygen to the brain. These brain injuries are the most common reason for death and disability amongst children and young adults.

Most newborn brain injuries do not occur during the birthing process, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Rather, these "neonatal encephalopathy" injuries and cases of cerebral palsy originate from abnormalities derived through the developmental or metabolic process. They affect the autoimmune system, blood and coagulation controls, and can cause infection and trauma in the baby's brain before birth takes place.

How to Recover from Traumatic Brain Injuries in a Child

Dealing with traumatic brain injuries in a child is a difficult thing, one that requires an immense amount of financial and emotional support, both for the child and for the family. It is essential that all family members and close friends receive counseling by a professional expert on brain injury rehabilitation, and that the young child experience socialization amongst his own peers as a part of his relearning process. If a learning disability (be it nonverbal, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, or dyslexia) has emerged due to the traumatic brain injury, a special educational facility should be contacted to make a diagnosis and create a special learning program.

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