Allergy Medications

Written by Norene Anderson
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Allergy medications are among the most used medications on the market today. There are millions of allergy sufferers who self-medicate with over-the-counter medications. Finding relief and controlling the misery of allergy symptoms is a common goal. This often entails the use of some type of antihistamine and decongestant. It is sometimes necessary to use antibiotics to clear out residual infections such as sinusitis, ear infections, or a sore throat.

There are basically two types of allergy medications. One type is designed to control or prevent the symptoms by interrupting the inflammatory reaction to the allergen. This may be in the form of an antihistamine or some type of steroid. These work on the cellular level to prevent certain chemicals from being released starting the reaction process. It is much better if the allergic response is controlled to keep it from developing into congestion and infection.

More Info on Allergy Medications

The other type of medication used for allergies is for relief of symptoms. An example of this type is a decongestant to reduce swelling in the nasal passageway. Another type reduces mucous production. The allergy medications available today are continually being improved to avoid the heavy sedation that is so often experienced by traditional medications. This is especially important for children with allergies.

Alternatives to the over-the-counter medications include many natural or homeopathic remedies. This is especially noted in the cleansing solutions available to wash the nasal passage to clear the mucous membranes of thick secretions. These secretions can easily lead to sinus infections if they are not thinned and removed from the air passageway. It is important to keep the mucous membranes moist. This helps maintain the natural environment for the cilia to work properly.

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