Sphenoid Sinusitis

Written by Norene Anderson
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Sphenoid sinusitis is one of the more difficult areas of sinusitis to diagnose. The symptoms are often difficult to detect, but it is one of the more critical areas for rapid diagnosis and treatment. The sphenoid sinus is very close to the optic area, vascular, and neurologic anatomical structures of the body. This gives rapid access for the infection to spread.

The sphenoid sinusitis has a different makeup from the other infections such as the maxillary sinusitis. It frequently has a Staph- or Strep-based infection. Chronic infection of the sphenoid sinus is sometimes compromised by a fungal infection as well. A CT scan or other imaging diagnostic procedure is required for a firm diagnosis. Treatment ranges from medicinal to surgical in the most difficult cases.

Sphenoid Sinusitis Treatment

It is often necessary to do a culture of the discharge or the nasal lining to determine the exact type of infection and the most effective treatment. Restoring free breathing may require a combination of treatments. The antibiotic is required if there is an infection present. If it is fungal, the appropriate medication is required to eliminate the fungus. All of the treatment modalities are enhanced by having adequate moisture to thin the secretions.

Nasal irrigation or steam inhalation is a great source of relief for deeply congested sphenoid sinusitis. If the condition requires surgical intervention, it is still important to keep the passages moist to avoid further irritation. Do not ignore the subtle hints of infection in the sphenoid sinus. If you suspect a problem, it is important to see your healthcare provider for diagnosis and treatment.


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