Athletic Injuries

Written by Sierra Rein
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The most common athletic injuries involve either repetitive stress on a particular body part or the incorrect use of a joint, muscle or ligament to perform a specific movement. For instance, a baseball pitcher who constantly repeats the same movement in his throwing arm may develop a dull pain in the shoulder joint, a sure sign of bursitis or rotator cuff tendonitis. On the other hand, a football player who feels an instant, sharp pain in his calf may have a second-degree sprain (or tear) of an ankle ligament.

Athletic injuries are quite common, especially amongst professional athletes. In order that permanent damage is avoided, great care must be taken to treat these injuries in a timely fashion. Avoiding instant treatment can lead to undue swelling of the joints and muscles and a more difficult road back to full recovery. Permanent damage can result in further pain and lameness for the rest of an athlete's life.

Most health specialists in athletic injuries utilize the R.I.C.E. technique, which stands for "Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation." Rest and elevation will prevent further pressure on the muscle or ligament and keep the blood flow from pooling into the area. Ice and compression will help to reduce swelling and internal bleeding.

For Example: Athletic Injuries in Professional Tennis Players

In addition to the infamous "tennis elbow," tennis players often complain about muscle strains in the thigh, scoliosis in the back, and shoulder pain due to rotator cuff and bicep strain. Most of these injuries can be prevented with proper stretching, hydration and the use of the right equipment. Once the pain is localized, the joint or muscle can be tightly wrapped with a cold wrap, and put to rest until the swelling and pains go down.

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