Shoulder Sports Injuries

Written by Sierra Rein
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Of all parts of the body, the shoulder is one of the most prone to pain, dislocation and harm. From the clavicle to the scapula and all the tendons and muscles in between, the shoulder has many opportunities to become injured. In the arena of sports, there is an increased chance that these injuries may occur, especially amongst professional athletes.

Of course, "swinging" sports like golf, tennis, baseball and hockey put a lot more stress and strain onto the shoulder. However, an athlete can also hurt the shoulder while playing tough contact sports such as rugby, football, soccer and wrestling by falling on it incorrectly.

Types of Common Shoulder Sports Injuries

When it comes to broken bones, the shoulder is susceptible to fractures of the clavicle and the top (or "head") of the humerus bone. The shoulder bone can also be dislocated at the A.C. joint (the bony protrusion on top of the shoulder) and at the sterno-clavicular joint. Elderly athletes sometimes experience adhesive capsulitis (otherwise known as a frozen shoulder) in which the shoulder joint itself becomes inflamed and prone to stiffness and a limited range of motion.

An athlete may also experience a lot of shoulder muscle and tendon strains. For example, the scapsulitis tendon (found under the shoulder blade through to the upper arm) can often become ruptured by an incorrectly planned and executed ball throw. In these types of strains, a combination of hot and cold compression wraps, massage and anti-inflammatory medicine will help to decrease pain and speed up the recovery process.


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