Good Blood Sugar Levels

Written by Beth Hrusch
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Good blood sugar levels are a vital part of health and well being. For diabetics, it is particularly important, as fluctuations can have serious consequences. Blood sugar is the glucose in the bloodstream, the substance that the body uses for fuel. When the body is processing glucose properly, all the major systems will get the proper amounts of fuel. When the body cannot process food into glucose for the cells to use, diabetes sets in and health problems arise.

Maintaining Good Blood Sugar Levels

A key player in the metabolizing of blood sugar is a protein hormone called insulin. Insulin regulates blood sugar levels in the human body. The cells that create insulin can sense when and how much insulin to produce in order to keep a balance between how much insulin is needed and how much is already in the body. The amount of insulin produced fluctuates during the course of each day. After a meal, for example, when blood sugar is higher, these cells produce less insulin.

Insulin allows the cells to use glucose for energy. If the production of insulin goes awry, often due to an excessive consumption of sugar that confuses the body's glucose monitors, then the cells cannot use the glucose and blood sugar levels in the body rise. The body cannot make enough insulin to deal with all this excess glucose, and outside sources of insulin may have to be injected. Good blood sugar levels prevent the onset of this disease, known as diabetes.

When functioning properly, the body takes care of processing glucose, turning it into a source of energy for the cells. Specialized cells make the glucose available to cells, and the body gets the fuel it needs. However, poor diet and genetic factors can interfere with this process, skewing the ratio of blood sugar to insulin and making it impossible for the body to maintain good blood sugar levels. In many cases, improved diet and supplementation can help restore the body's balance.

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