Aquatic Gardens

Written by Michael O'Brien
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Aquatic gardens are some of the most important aspects of pond creation. The proper use of plants can add beauty and assist in the overall health of a garden pond. They help oxygenate and purify the water, and give fish a means of sustenance, as well as a place to dwell, hide, and lay eggs.

Basics of Aquatic Gardens

Like any garden, grass is a great foundation with which to begin an aquatic garden. Anacharis grasses are the most popular in underwater garden situations. They are hearty and grow well under many differing conditions by getting their nutrients directly from the water. When exposed to sunlight, anacharis grasses also oxygenate the water to help promote plant and fish health.

Other vegetation that can be added to an aquatic pond garden are lilies, bog plants, and other floating plants. Again, like a garden on the land, the right soil will promote plant growth. Good topsoil mixed with well-composted cow manure and oak leaves placed on the bottom of the pots where you will be planting will provide the perfect source of nutrients for water garden plants. Covering the soil with pea gravel or heavier grained sand box sand will keep the dirt and leaves from dirtying up the water.

Beauty and Health

It's also important to be aware of what kinds of plants to place in aquatic gardens. Water lilies look nice, but require a lot of nutrients and don't do as much to add to the overall health of a pond as other plants. Floating plants like water lettuce or water hyacinths are a lot more useful to help promote fish health and water purity. An effective blend of functional plants and pretty ones is best.

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