Project Organization

Written by Nicholas Kamuda
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Especially with projects that involve new product development, project organization can be a complex process that involves managing multiple operations at once. Project organizers must be able to handle the many stages of new product development, including research, design, and testing, in an efficient manner that takes full advantage of the company's resources without demanding additional help. In other words, project managers must juggle a number of complex operations without overspending or missing a deadline.

The majority of project organization is in the planning stages. One responsibility of project managers at this stage is to determine what types of new technology, information, or design methods must be included in the scope of the project. They must then design the appropriate materials and submit them for approval.

Once the framework for developing a new project is in place, and the project is approved, the project manager actively oversees each department of the production team. Many modern projects involve industrial designers, mechanical engineers and software developers--three branches that must work in open communication with each other to produce a successful product. Market research groups and other testing crews must also be included in the process.

Using a Outside Expert in Project Organization

For some new product launches, a company may choose to hire an external project manager or use a consultancy for project organization. In some cases, the manager may be brought in so as to not detract from company resources that are busy on long-term projects. Also, managers or project management consultancies may have pre-existing business relationships with design teams, engineers, or prototype manufacturers, allowing the organizer to efficiently utilize outside resources while in-house designers operate undisturbed.

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