Adoption Facts

Written by Helen Glenn Court
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Bare bones adoption facts include a definition, a few statistics, a hint of law, and a bit of procedure. Let's start with the definition. The birth parents of a child surrender all rights and responsibilities for that child to another couple or individual to provide and care for the child permanently.

The Basic Adoption Facts You Want to Know

More than 2 percent of all children in America are adopted. Children adopted from foreign countries tend to be younger than children adopted from foster care. Most adoptions in the United States are stepparent adoptions. People decide to adopt for many reasons, but some 80 percent do so because they are unable to bear their own children.

An important set of adoption facts are legally based. It is illegal in all states to buy or sell a child. Federal statutory law touches on the rights of putative or unwed fathers, adoption subsidies, and the adoption of American Indian children. State law establishes--among other things--the eligibility of prospective parents to adopt, criteria under which a child can be put up for adoption, treatment of adoption records, and legal agency and intermediary responsibilities and fee limits.

Statistics are another type of adoption facts. They indicate that the cost of domestic adoption is up to $2,500 for an adoption from a public agency. The cost to adopt from a private agency is from $4,000 to $30,000. The cost for independent adoption runs from $7,000 to $30,000. International adoptions range from $7,000 to $25,000. These are estimates based on complex variables, but take all fees into account.

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