Muslim Beliefs

Written by Jeremy Horelick
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At the core of all Muslim beliefs is the indivisibility of God. Like Judaism, Islam is a monotheistic religion that posits a single deity. There are, however, angels, messengers, and other prophets, the last of which is Mohammed, who received the definitive text, the Koran, from the angel Gabriel, a messenger of Allah.

It is interesting to note, however, that in spite of this belief in one God, Muslims refer to that God through nearly 100 different names. These include everything from the Lord of the Universe to the Beneficent and the Creator. By any name, Muslims believe this God is the God of the Jews, Christians, Buddhists, and Hindus as well as the Muslims. This is because Islam is predicated on the oneness of humanity as well.

Further Muslim Beliefs

Does this mean that all people are considered equal? In the view of traditional Islam, yes, humankind is created equal. Each human being then has a choice as to whether to obey the sacred word of Allah or not. Those who uphold the Five Pillars of Islam and other Muslim beliefs are later judged by God and allowed to enter heaven, where disbelievers are not.

But exclusivity is not the main focus of Islam. Far more important is the collective struggle of humanity to live in peace with itself and with God. To do so, the lessons of the Koran and Haddith--all told, the sunnah--must be incorporated not only into spiritual practice, but into every affair of humankind. In that respect, Islam constitutes a full code of conduct by which one is to live his or her life.

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