Database Administration

Written by Genevieve Hawkins
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Whether you own a small bicycle repair shop or you work for the US Census Bureau, chances are that you are increasingly reliant on the information provided to you from a database of some sort. Database administration covers a plethora of topics that relate to such informational systems, and the use of databases is becoming more important to business every day. Here is an overview of some of the basics.

What is Database Administration?

To use a simplified definition, database administration is the function of managing aspects of an informational system, including planning, programming, coding, protecting, and ensuring reliable information within the database. Because this process covers so many aspects, it is difficult to explain simply. Entire books and articles have been written about any singular component of database administration, as well as about the basic programming language utilized. Most contain wordy techno-speak that is difficult to understand for the average person, and the programming is becoming increasingly sophisticated and complex.

Degree programs, company training, online certification, and internships all exist for different areas of database administration. Companies are hiring computer-savvy people in these fields in record numbers, and with this increase in interest, there is an increase in average income. As a consequence of this, even more people are deciding to join this area of computer systems management.

Database administration is a way of providing a framework for the information you need. Let's say you own a real estate company in Southern California. In order to effectively run this business, you need a list of clients--both those that have purchased from you before and those that might have an interest in purchasing from you in the future. You might also have interactional information on this list--that is, data about who is most likely to express a future interest. Without this information, it would be difficult for you to run your business effectively.

Database Programming Language

In order to create a database of your clients, you would need to be operating within a database code that can be read by other systems. Furthermore, you would need to make sure that the information is reliable, accurate, and that it makes sense. Any interactions between data should be provided for as well. For all of these seemingly simple tasks, you would need some rather complex database administration services.

Of course, if you want a database that performs all of the tasks necessary to your business, it is going to have to be written in a language that is easy to understand for both users and other computers. There are several major database programming frameworks, each with advantages and drawbacks. Some of the most widely used frameworks are listed below.

The database administrator should be formatted using SQL (Structured Query Language), and keeping in guidelines from ANSI (American National Standards Institute). Furthermore, there should be an interplay between ISO (International Standards for Organization) and ANSI standards, at least for the future. With the proper programming language in place, there should be less problems with database reliability in the future.

There are several different database administrators, including Oracle, SQL, and DB2. What is best for the database in question depends on the needs of the business being provided for, the budget, and other considerations. As is usually the case, however, it is best to get an overview of what is out there by shopping around.

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