Person Centered Plans

Written by Kimberly Clark
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A person centered plan (PCP) is a set of strategies for development or recovery, which is based solely on the objectives the person receiving the services wants to accomplish. The term is most often used to identify the goals disabled individuals want to achieve in their futures, after which a course of treatment is mapped out in hopes of helping them to reach those milestones.

PCPs were developed as an alternative to the more traditional methods of treatment, which tended to focus primarily on helping the person to overcome or cope with his or her inabilities. In addition, most systematic approaches follow pre-established, "one size fits all" plans of action. In contrast, the decisions made in a PCP are based on the talents, goals, and interests of the particular person being treated.

Examples of PCPs

An example of one of the processes included in person centered planning is called the Making Action Plans (MAPS) step. The MAPS tool involves enlisting the help of friends and family to gather information about the disabled person's history, strengths, desires, needs, and fears. The task is then incorporating their assets into a game plan for obtaining what the persons wants while still meeting their needs.

Another PCP is the Planning Alternative Tomorrows with Hope (PATH) process. PATH is basically an extension of MAP but it provides more definitive steps for reaching the person's goal. After the steps are identified, target dates are established and support people are enlisted to assist the disabled person in accomplishing the goal by the deadline.

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