Travel To The North Pole

Written by Patricia Tunstall
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Travel to the North Pole is one of the most exhilarating adventures that can undertaken in the world. Arctic expeditions are exciting for their exploration of a unique world that is treacherous if approached lightly. With winter temperatures as low as -90 degrees Fahrenheit, cruises usually stick to a summer schedule, for safety reasons.

Interestingly, there are actually four poles! The geographic North Pole is located at 90 degrees North latitude, and is the spot visitors and explorers want to reach when they talk of travel to the North Pole. There is also the Magnetic North Pole, which is about 1,000 miles south of this point; this is the location that traditional magnetic compasses point toward. Every year, the earth's magnetic field and the Magnetic North Pole shift, so anyone interested in navigation must know the difference between true north and magnetic north.

Travel to the North Pole and Other Poles

The third is the Geomagnetic North Pole, which lies at the end of the axis of the geomagnetic field that surrounds the earth. Located north of Thule in Greenland about 500 miles east of the Magnetic North Pole, this Pole is significant to atmospheric scientists who study the effects of the Aurora Borealis, which most frequently occurs in the area of this Pole. The Geomagnetic Pole is used in calculations by scientists who work with satellite information.

Finally, there is the Northern Pole of Inaccessibility, which is not a real pole at all, but more of a statistical stretch. For those interested in travel to the North Pole, this Pole is the point farthest from any coastline, which happens to be about 700 miles from the nearest land. Sir Hubert Wilkins is given credit for being the first to reach this Pole, but he flew by airplane. Arctic travel is historical, and the races, attempts, failures, deaths, and successes of its history make journeys to this region intriguing.


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