Havanese​ - Small Dog Breed

Quick Facts


Height: 8.5”-11.5”

Weight: 7-13lbs

Color: Black, black & silver, black & tan, chocolate, cream, fawn, gold, red, red brindle, red sable, silver, white, black brindle, silver brindle, gold brindle, gold sable. Potential markings include: white markings, tan points, cream markins, parti-color, silver markings, Irish pied, silver points, parti belton

Lifespan12-16 years

Temperament: Fun-loving, affectionate, companionable, kind



Havanese is the only dog breed that hails from Cuba. These easy-going friendly pups are a perfect family dog that usually get along with other pets. They love to learn and show off new tricks. They are an intelligent bred that have been known to even train their owners to playing games of their own invention.

Havanese come in a variety of colors and markings with tails that are either curly or straight. They are a wonderful companion dog that is happy to travel or stay at home curled up on the couch with you. They require a significant amount of grooming that you can turn into wonderful bonding time with your pup.

Celebrity Owners

Charles Dickens, Ernest Hemingway, Barbara Walters, Jane Fonda, Venus Williams

Fun Facts

  1. The Havanese are known by many names: Havanese Cuban Bichon, Bichón Havanése, Havaneser, Bichon Habanero, Havanezer, and Bichon Havanais.
  2. They are the national dog of Cuba.


Havanese are typically healthy pups. Some health issues could include:

  • Deafness: Deafness can be hereditary or can happen through infection, trama, or a degenerative cochlea.
  • Luxating patella: Luxating simply means out of place or dislocated. Patella is a kneecap. A Luxating patella is a kneecap that chronically moves out of its normal position.
  • Hip dysplasia: This condition is when the socket joint in the hip isn’t large enough, or more often too shallow, for the femoral head.
  • Elbow dysplasia: This condition is an abnormal development in the elbow joint.
  • Hypothyroidism: The thyroid gland, sitting at the top of the windpipe in the back of the neck, is controlled by the pituitary gland at the base of the brand. Hypothyroidism would cause the metabolism to slow down.
  • Allergies: Histamine, which is a chemical in the body associated with immune responses, is released during allergic reactions.
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: This disease occurs at the head of the femur (the ball and socket joint in your dog’s hips. Here, the femur degenerates which can cause the hip to collapse and can cause arthritis.
  • Heart murmur: With a murmur, one can hear the irregular blood flow through the heart, be that from exercise or some kind of irregularity or valve in the heart.
  • Chondrodysplasia: Also known as canine dwarfism, it is the short legged phenotype.

While you always hope your pet will live a long and healthy life, it is always a good idea to invest in pet health insurance.

Keeping your dog’s mouth clean and problem free goes a long way to your pup’s overall health. Dental hygiene can be the cause or can be the byproduct of other serious health issues.

Visual inspections can be performed to keep track of the signs of potentially waning oral health. These signs can be anything from bad breath to abnormal chewing to loss of appetite.

Keeping ahead of these warning signs can pay dividends. A preventative approach can delay and stop many of the common dental problems from arising.

Oral health can be tackled in five basic steps:

  1. Brushing your dog’s teeth to prevent an undesirable buildup of plaque
  2. Feed your dog a diet where the high quality dog food has dental benefits
  3. Regularly give your dog dental toys and treats
  4. Use mouthwash, to help where brushing misses
  5. At the sign of any abnormalities, consult a vet. You can even do it virtually, from the convenience of your home.

Dogs are just like humans in that they can experience anxiety. The degree to which they are susceptible to anxiety and how they deal with anxiety is breed specific. Left unchecked, initial signs of anxiety could give way to an anxiety disorder. The symptoms of anxiety disorders can lead to a myriad of behavior issues.

Knowing the signs and symptoms will best equip you to keep ahead of it and to nip it in the bud at the earliest signs. There are options available to help with anxiety.

Are You Covered When Your Pup Gets Sick?


There are several options for your pup’s coat. If you keep Havanese longhaired, it will require daily brushing to keep their wavy coat free of matts and tangles. Weekly bathing will be a must to keep hair clean. If you clip your pup’s coat back, with clippings every 6-8 weeks, you will only need to brush it every couple of days.

Bathing to keep Havanese’s hair clean can happen every two weeks. The final option is to allow your pup’s hair (sometimes with encouragement) to cord into ringlets. Ringlets do not require brushing but will again require weekly bathing to keep your pup clean.

Keep your pup’s eyes and ears clean and clear of debris. Keep their nails clipped and brush their teeth several times a week.


$1,000 – $2,500


Havanese do not require strenuous exercise. A short brisk walk or playing in the house should be enough for your pup. If at any point your pup is breathing heavily, you have hit your pup’s limit and you should discontinue play.

If you are involved in the exercise your pup will be happy.

When you pup is left alone too long it may become destructive. When you are away always supply Havanese with ample toys.


On average, Havanese eat about 1 cup of food per day. The specific requirements of your dog will depend on their age and activity level. Regardless of the final amount, you should serve your pup food in two separate meals. Havanese tend to overeat.

Be mindful of the amount of treats you dole out and keep an eye on the scale. Havanese should avoid eating human food, especially since they can sneakily “train” their humans into regularly sharing their food.

We’ve taken a look at some premium dog foodshigh in nutrition here.

Are You Feeding Your Dog The Best Food?


As with all dogs, early socialization with humans and other dogs is key. Havanese responds best to training with lots of positive reinforcement. They are happy and eager to learn.

Avoid harsh discipline as it is more likely to cause your pup to shut down, than correct behavior.

Havanese sometimes have difficulty housetraining. Keep a positive attitude and be patient while being mindful to give your pup extra trips outside.

Proper training is essential to ensuring the safety of your dog and those around you. Having your dog come when they should, and in general having them listen is something you want to address early in your pup’s life, as it will pay dividends down the line. There are many tried and true training programs to accomplish this training – faster and better than you might think!

Unless you’re living on a farm, or have the space, a yipping dog, or one that barks all day when you are gone could be an issue with the neighbors and/or landlord. Historically, dogs would bark to communicate with the rest of the pack when hunting and bark as a warning shot to predators eyeing up their flock. Barking is deep rooted in dogs and manifests itself in many ways and for a variety of reasons.

Just like any habit or instinct, there are effective ways you can train this issue away.

The Best Dog Vitamins and Supplements To Keep Your Pup Healthy. Period.


A solid Glucosamine Supplement for hips and joints will go a long way to helping your furry friend.

Other helpful supplements include full-spectrum hemp oil or CBD oil. Fish oil skin and coat supplement.

Ensuring a comprehensive preventative vitamin and mineral plan is essential to keeping your dog healthy. Truth is, there are vitamins and minerals that your dog needs, but doesn’t produce naturally. While many of these vitamins and minerals can be found in your dog’s current diet and dog food, the question becomes, are there enough vitamins to ensure they aren’t deficient.

Poor nutrition can lead to some of the most common health issues, such as weak joints, compromised immunity, increased allergies, and low energy.

Vitamins play a vital role in your pet’s health and overall life expectancy. Here are some multivitamin and joint relief options.

As regulations around marijuana have eased, the emergence of CBD oils for humans and dogs have sprung up.

Just to begin to dispel the negative stigma, CBD extract comes from Hemp, marijuana’s cousin. Unlike its cousin, there are no psychoactive qualities in CBD oil. An emerging number of clinical and institutional studies have shown the wide variety of healing qualities in CBD, including pain management, and the containment of seizures and epileptic episodes.

Explore this remedy further to see all the health benefits that have transformed the lives of so many dogs to date.

Have You Tried CBD For You Dog's Health?

The Good

  • Great companion dogs
  • Good with children and other pets
  • Does not bark often

The "Ruff"

  • Slow to housetrain
  • High maintenance grooming