Urolithiasis is the development of stones in the urinary tract.
Urolithiasis occurs when there is an overabundance of certain minerals in the urine. Stones can be present throughout the urinary tract and are most commonly found in the bladder. For all breeds likelihood of urolithiasis is between 20%-50% however many dogs are significantly more prone to this condition.
No, if treated promptly urolithiasis is very manageable. Chronic conditions causing stress on the kidneys may have an impact on overall lifespan.
A vet will do a physical exam and a medical history questionnaire on your dog. To determine the existence and the size of stones, an ultrasound or an x-ray will be performed.
The symptoms of urolithiasis are not exclusive to this condition and other more serious conditions will need to be ruled out.
An antibiotic will be given to combat any bacterial infection in the urinary tract. The stone will either need to be dissolved by diet or surgically removed. Some stones cannot be dissolved by diet.
You will work with your vet to determine the course of action. Be sure to give your dog plenty of water and lots of opportunities to urinate.