Diabetes in Dogs: Symptoms and Diagnosis

What is It?

Diabetes is a metabolic condition caused by the body’s incorrect insulin response. When insulin cannot properly engage with glucose, a dog will be left with uncontrolled sugar levels, which in turn causes many issues.

What Causes It?

There are two types of diabetes in dogs.

  • Type I – Insulin-deficiency is a lack of insulin production. This occurs when the pancreas is either damaged or functioning improperly. This is the most common.
  • Type II – Insulin-resistance is an inability to respond to insulin. The insulin production is also impaired.

Diabetes likelihood has several factors to consider: obesity, pregnancy – females can develop temporary diabetes during gestation, breed – some breeds are prone to diabetes, and the age of the dog.

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What Are The Symptoms?

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Increased appetite
  • Listlessness
  • Vomiting

Is it Life Threatening?

With proper medication diabetes is controllable. Without medication diabetes life-altering or life-ending conditions including cataracts, enlarged liver, UTIs, seizures, kidney failure and ketoacidosis.

Are You Covered When Your Pup Gets Sick?

How is It Diagnosed?

A veterinarian will do a urine test to assess glucose (sugar) levels and bloodwork to assess glucose levels, liver enzymes levels, and electrolyte imbalance.

What Are The Treatments?

Diabetes is incurable. It can be controlled through insulin, exercise and proper nutrition.

Work with your veterinarian to create a schedule for your dog, so medication is taken at the same time each day.

Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pup’s condition, please make an appointment with your veterinarian. Or, consult a virtual vet here.

Annual Vet Bills: $1,500+

Be Prepared for the unexpected.