Orthostatic Hypotension: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and More

What Causes Orthostatic Hypotension?

Orthostatic hypotension can be caused by a number of factors, including underlying medical conditions and medications. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Dehydration
  • Heart problems, such as arrhythmias or valvular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple system atrophy
  • Shy-Drager syndrome
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Use of certain medications, such as alpha-blockers, beta-blockers, diuretics, and antidepressants

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Other less common causes of orthostatic hypotension include:

  • Alcoholism
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Neurological disorders, such as spinal cord injuries or multiple sclerosis
  • Heat exhaustion or heat stroke
  • Severe infections
  • Varicose veins
  • Genetic disorders
  • Malnutrition
  • Chronic kidney disease

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