Sebaceous cysts are small circular bumps that occur at the site of a clogged pore or a hair follicle.
Dirt, infection, scar tissue, trauma, and thickened sebum, the normally occurring skin oils can all cause sebaceous cysts. Some breeds are more prone than others.
No, sebaceous cysts are not fatal. However sometimes what may look like just a cyst can be a tumor. Whenever new bumps appear on your dog, you should seek a veterinarian’s expertise.
A vet will perform a physical exam and a medical history questionnaire. To rule out other conditions your vet may use a needle to extract a sample from the cyst. If this is not an option a biopsy may be necessary to ensure the bump is not a tumor.
Usually sebaceous cysts are benign, painless, and slow growing. In more severe conditions where pain or secondary infection is present, your vet may proscribe anti-inflammatories and antibiotics.
In many cases a vet will recommend removal of the cyst. If multiple cysts are present, you vet will need to further investigate and address underlying issues.