The kidneys are responsible for balancing nutrients, filtering waste, controlling blood pressure, red blood cell production and metabolizing calcium. Kidney problems encompass any issue that disrupts any of these functions.
Acute kidney problems can arise from several sources including ingesting toxins, dehydration, obstruction to urinary system, heat strokes, snake bites and bacterial infections.
Chronic kidney problems, typically found in older dogs, are a little more difficult to pinpoint because their symptoms are usually mild getting progressively worse over time. Some of the more likely sources of kidney issues include:
Yes, kidney problems can be fatal. If you suspect your dog is having issues, contact a vet immediately. Some acute issues can be treated, many chronic issues will be permanent.
When diagnosed with chronic kidney disease, your dog will likely only have months to a year to live.
Your vet will do a full physical exam and medical questionnaire on your dog. Not only will your vet be diagnosing kidney issues but also the source of the problem.
If it is acute, you will also need to treat the root condition. Bloodwork and urinalysis will diagnose the kidney issue. An ultrasound, x-ray or other imagine may be required to determine the level of the condition.
There are many treatment methods for kidney issues depending on the severity of the condition.
Medicines that increase urine output, IV fluids, electrolytes, antinausea medicine, dialysis, diet management, anemia medicine among others.