Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain.
Encephalitis can be infectious or non-infectious.
Infectious can result from bacterial, fungal, viral, or parasitic.
Non-infectious is likely a result of an auto-immune disease.
Yes. Even with immediate treatment either classification of encephalitis can be fatal.
A vet will perform a physical exam and a medical history questionnaire. A blood count, bloodwork and urinalysis will be conducted. Imagining with CT scans and MRI will give an in-depth look at your dog’s brain structure and function. A spinal tap is likely necessary for a firm diagnosis.
The treatment of this condition relies heavily on the origin and severity of the swelling. Bacterial infections will be treated with antibiotics.
In other cases, medicine to help reduce inflammation may be used in conjunction of immune suppressing medications may be necessary. Some dogs will not respond to treatment and some will.
You will need to follow up with your veterinarian regularly.