Pug

Pug - Small Dog Breed

Quick Facts

OriginChina

Height: 10”-13”

Weight: 14-18 lbs

ColorBlack or Fawn

Lifespan13-15 years

Temperament: Loyal, Charming, Clownish, Loving

 

Overview

Bred to please emperors, these regal little pups will steal your heart. Pugs are excellent with children, require minimal grooming, moderate exercise, and live to make you happy. This breed is able to trace it’s lineage back 2000 years. These pups were so greatly treasured that they were not sold and only given as gifts. They have been known by many names Mopsi, Doguillo, Lo-sze, Pangô and Mophonds; to name a few.

Whatever you call him, you will also call him your best friend. You pup will long to be with your, and when you are gone too long may suffer from separation anxiety. Lucky he is so small, so he can just go with you!

Celebrity Owners

Jessica Alba, Robin Williams, Gerard James Butler, Billy Joel, Hugh Laurie, Denis Quaid, Kelly Osbourne, Valentino, Andy Warhol, Brooke Mueller, Michelle Beadle, Nick Carter, Paris Hilton, Tori Spelling, Kelly Brook, DJ Pauly D, Paul Smith, Professor Green, Norman Mailer, Nicola Roberts, Adrian Grenier, Amber Rose, George Clooney, Rob Zombie

Fun Facts

  1. In 1738 the Pope forbade a group of Catholics from joining the Freemasons. This same group created an underground Freemason group called The Order of the Pug. When entering meetings, members had to scratch at the door.

Health

Pugs are prone to the following health issues:

  • Brachycephalic syndrome: This syndrome describes anatomic abnormalities in certain breeds where the upper airways disfunction and/or are obstructed.
  • Dry eyeOften observed through your dog’s red eyes, this condition is caused by a dog’s immune system attacking its lacrimal glands, shutting them down.
  • Corneal ulcersCornea is the transparent membrane on the front of the eye. A corneal ulcer, the cornea is damaged.
  • AllergiesHistamine, which is a chemical in the body associated with immune responses, is released during allergic reactions.
  • EncephalitisThis condition is inflammation in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
  • Hip dysplasiaThis condition is when the socket joint in the hip isn’t large enough, or more often too shallow, for the femoral head.
  • Patellar luxationLuxating simply means out of place or dislocated. Patella is a kneecap. A Luxating patella is a kneecap that chronically moves out of its normal position.

It is important to remember that pups with short snouts are more vulnerable to eye injury. Additionally short snouts are more prone to breathing issues. Whenever you are exercising with you pug, monitor their breathing and keep them out of extremely hot weather.

Other health concerns to be aware of include:

  • EntropionIn this condition, an eyelid, typically the lower one inverts which cause the eyelashes to rub against the eye. This causes irritation on the eye.
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease: This disease occurs at the head of the femur (the ball and socket joint in your dog’s hips. Here, the femur degenerates which can cause the hip to collapse and can cause arthritis.
  • Portosystemic shunt: The portal vein carrying blood bypasses the liver. While most commonly a birth defect, liver disease such as cirrhosis can also be a cause.
  • Necrotizing meningoencephalitisBoth progressive and rapid onset, this disease attacks the central nervous system, which leads to death.

Before adopting always request health screening from both parent pups from your breeder.

While you always hope your pet will live a long and healthy life, it is always a good idea to invest in pet health insurance.

Keeping your dog’s mouth clean and problem free goes a long way to your pup’s overall health. Dental hygiene can be the cause or can be the byproduct of other serious health issues.

Visual inspections can be performed to keep track of the signs of potentially waning oral health. These signs can be anything from bad breath to abnormal chewing to loss of appetite.

Keeping ahead of these warning signs can pay dividends. A preventative approach can delay and stop many of the common dental problems from arising.

Oral health can be tackled in five basic steps:

  1. Brushing your dog’s teeth to prevent an undesirable buildup of plaque
  2. Feed your dog a diet where the high quality dog food has dental benefits
  3. Regularly give your dog dental toys and treats
  4. Use mouthwash, to help where brushing misses
  5. At the sign of any abnormalities, consult a vet. You can even do it virtually, from the convenience of your home.

Dogs are just like humans in that they can experience anxiety. The degree to which they are susceptible to anxiety and how they deal with anxiety is breed specific. Left unchecked, initial signs of anxiety could give way to an anxiety disorder. The symptoms of anxiety disorders can lead to a myriad of behavior issues.

Knowing the signs and symptoms will best equip you to keep ahead of it and to nip it in the bud at the earliest signs. There are options available to help with anxiety.

Are You Covered When Your Pup Gets Sick?

Grooming

Pugs regularly shed. To help remove dead hair and redistribute naturally occurring oils, brush your pug’s coat once a week. Pugs don’t require frequent bathing.

Give them a bath whenever they get dingy or start to smell. Keep your pup’s eyes and ears clean and clear of debris. Regularly clip your pup’s nails. Brush your pug’s teeth several times per week.

Exercise

Pugs would prefer to loaf around. While they may not long for the great outdoors, they need it. This breed tends to become obese, which will only increase the likelihood of other illnesses.

Plan on spending around 40 minutes per day in activity with your pup. Leased walks will keep your pet in shape.

Always remember that with flat faced pups breathing problems can arise if you are in extreme heat. On warmer days always monitor your pup’s breathing.

Nutrition

Your pug will eat around 1 cup of food per day. The exact requirements for your dog will vary with age and activity level. Be mindful that little dogs that receive lots of treats and or table scraps end up overweight.

A little dog that is overweight is significantly more likely to develop other health issues.

We’ve taken a look at some premium dog foods, high in nutrition here.

Are You Feeding Your Dog The Best Food?

Training

As with all dogs, early socialization with humans and other dogs is vital. Pugs live to please their people, making them an easy breed to train. Keep your sessions full of positive reinforcement and treats, and your pup will thrive.

Pugs are known to be very sensitive, so keep your harsh corrections in check.

Proper training is essential to ensuring the safety of your dog and those around you. Having your dog come when they should, and in general having them listen is something you want to address early in your pup’s life, as it will pay dividends down the line. There are many tried and true training programs to accomplish this training – faster and better than you might think!

Unless you’re living on a farm, or have the space, a yipping dog, or one that barks all day when you are gone could be an issue with the neighbors and/or landlord. Historically, dogs would bark to communicate with the rest of the pack when hunting and bark as a warning shot to predators eyeing up their flock. Barking is deep rooted in dogs and manifests itself in many ways and for a variety of reasons.

Just like any habit or instinct, there are effective ways you can train this issue away.

The Best Dog Vitamins and Supplements To Keep Your Pup Healthy. Period.

Supplements

A solid Glucosamine Supplement for hips and joints will go a long way to helping your furry friend.

Other helpful supplements include full-spectrum hemp oil or CBD oil. Fish oil skin and coat supplement.

Ensuring a comprehensive preventative vitamin and mineral plan is essential to keeping your dog healthy. Truth is, there are vitamins and minerals that your dog needs, but doesn’t produce naturally. While many of these vitamins and minerals can be found in your dog’s current diet and dog food, the question becomes, are there enough vitamins to ensure they aren’t deficient.

Poor nutrition can lead to some of the most common health issues, such as weak joints, compromised immunity, increased allergies, and low energy.

Vitamins play a vital role in your pet’s health and overall life expectancy. Here are some multivitamin and joint relief options.

As regulations around marijuana have eased, the emergence of CBD oils for humans and dogs have sprung up.

Just to begin to dispel the negative stigma, CBD extract comes from Hemp, marijuana’s cousin. Unlike its cousin, there are no psychoactive qualities in CBD oil. An emerging number of clinical and institutional studies have shown the wide variety of healing qualities in CBD, including pain management, and the containment of seizures and epileptic episodes.

Explore this remedy further to see all the health benefits that have transformed the lives of so many dogs to date.

Have You Tried CBD For You Dog's Health?

The Good

  • Excellent with children
  • Minimal grooming

The "Ruff"

  • Prone to obesity
  • Prone to separation anxiety