Papillon

Papillon​ - Toy Group

Quick Facts

OriginFrance

Height: 8”-11”

Weight: 5-10lbs

Color: White & black, White & lemon, White & Red, White & sable, White, Black & tan

Lifespan14-16 years

Temperament: Merry, Curious, Friendly, Brilliant

 

Overview

Papillons (PAH-pee-yowns) trace their lineage back to The Royal Spaniels of Europe. Through time they have been known by many names: Epagneuls Nains, Dwarf or Continental Spaniels, Little Squirrel Dogs or Belgian Toy Spaniels.

Their final name refers to their ears.

Papillon is the French word for “butterfly”. Their elder relatives had drop ears and are known as Phalene meaning “night moth”. The US and UK currently view these two variations as the same breed.

This small breed is now one of the rarest breeds in the US. They are smart who are happy in all climates and living situations. Training your pup will ensure they attain a personality that everyone in the family will love. As a bonus they will happily learn many tricks.

Celebrity Owners

King Henry III, Christina Aguilera, Autumn Reese, George Takei, John Carmer & Amanda Titus, Ron Jeremy

Fun Facts

  1. When actress Lauren Bacall passed away, she left $10,000 to her papillon Sophie.

Health

Papillons are a healthy pup that typically keeps active well into its later years. Some health concerns owners should be aware of:

  • Patellar luxation: Luxating simply means out of place or dislocated. Patella is a kneecap. A Luxating patella is a kneecap that chronically moves out of its normal position.
  • Collapsing trachea: This condition occurs when the cartilage rings on the trachea weaken, which causes the windpipe to collapse when they breath in.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy: Atrophy is a wearing or wasting away of a body part. In this case, it is the retina in the eye, which eventually leads to blindness.
  • Deafness: Deafness can be hereditary or can happen through infection, trauma, or a degenerative cochlea.
  • Hip dysplasia: This condition is when the socket joint in the hip isn’t large enough, or more often too shallow, for the femoral head.
  • Mitral valve disease: The mitral valve is an important valve in the heart controlling pressure and blood flow in the heart. Over time, it can wear, leading to a few different issues in the heart.
  • Cataracts: A dog develops a cataract when the lens in its eye clouds. The clouding is caused by changes in the water balance or proteins in the lens.
  • Von Willebrand’s disease: Caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor, a protein in the blood that helps platelets, this disease is a bleeding disorder.

Always request health screening for both parent pups from your breeder.

While you always hope your pet will live a long and healthy life, it is always a good idea to invest in pet health insurance.

Keeping your dog’s mouth clean and problem free goes a long way to your pup’s overall health. Dental hygiene can be the cause or can be the byproduct of other serious health issues.

Visual inspections can be performed to keep track of the signs of potentially waning oral health. These signs can be anything from bad breath to abnormal chewing to loss of appetite.

Keeping ahead of these warning signs can pay dividends. A preventative approach can delay and stop many of the common dental problems from arising.

Oral health can be tackled in five basic steps:

  1. Brushing your dog’s teeth to prevent an undesirable buildup of plaque
  2. Feed your dog a diet where the high quality dog food has dental benefits
  3. Regularly give your dog dental toys and treats
  4. Use mouthwash, to help where brushing misses
  5. At the sign of any abnormalities, consult a vet. You can even do it virtually, from the convenience of your home.

Dogs are just like humans in that they can experience anxiety. The degree to which they are susceptible to anxiety and how they deal with anxiety is breed specific. Left unchecked, initial signs of anxiety could give way to an anxiety disorder. The symptoms of anxiety disorders can lead to a myriad of behavior issues.

Knowing the signs and symptoms will best equip you to keep ahead of it and to nip it in the bud at the earliest signs. There are options available to help with anxiety.

Are You Covered When Your Pup Gets Sick?

Grooming

Papillons do not have an undercoat. As a result, you will need to brush your pup’s coat several times a week to avoid tangles or matts. Their hair does not continue to grow in length so you will not need to perform routine trims. This breed generally grooms itself and is unlikely to smell. You should only bathe your pup when it is necessary.

Keep your pup’s eyes and ears clean and clear of debris. Regularly their clip their nails paying special attention to the length of their dewclaw which can pierce their skin if left unkempt. Brush their teeth daily as this breed is prone to halitosis.

Cost

$800 – $3,000

Exercise

This small pup has big energy. Plan on devoting an hour to exercising your pup each day. If your pup is playing in a yard, be sure your fence is completely secure, Papillons can squeeze through unbelievably small spaces. Leashed walks, play fetch or chasing small animals will all keep your pup entertained.

Nutrition

Your Papillon will eat around ¼ to ½ cup of food per day divided into two meals. The exact requirements for your dog will vary with age and activity level.

Be mindful that little dogs that receive lots of treats and or table scraps end up overweight. A little dog that is overweight is significantly more likely to develop other health issues.

We’ve taken a look at some premium dog foods, high in nutrition here.

Are You Feeding Your Dog The Best Food?

Training

As with all dogs, early socialization with humans and other dogs is vital. Training for little pups is just as important for the owner as the pup. Your pup will learn to listen to you, and you will learn not to overindulge them.

Consistent, positive reinforcement training will draw the best results.

Your little dog loves being with you, so being away from home for too long may result in naughty behavior. Consider getting your pup puzzle toys to keep busy while you are away.

Proper training is essential to ensuring the safety of your dog and those around you. Having your dog come when they should, and in general having them listen is something you want to address early in your pup’s life, as it will pay dividends down the line. There are many tried and true training programs to accomplish this training – faster and better than you might think!

Unless you’re living on a farm, or have the space, a yipping dog, or one that barks all day when you are gone could be an issue with the neighbors and/or landlord. Historically, dogs would bark to communicate with the rest of the pack when hunting and bark as a warning shot to predators eyeing up their flock. Barking is deep rooted in dogs and manifests itself in many ways and for a variety of reasons.

Just like any habit or instinct, there are effective ways you can train this issue away.

The Best Dog Vitamins and Supplements To Keep Your Pup Healthy. Period.

Supplements

A solid Glucosamine Supplement for hips and joints will go a long way to helping your furry friend.

Other helpful supplements include full-spectrum hemp oil or CBD oil. Fish oil skin and coat supplement.

Ensuring a comprehensive preventative vitamin and mineral plan is essential to keeping your dog healthy. Truth is, there are vitamins and minerals that your dog needs, but doesn’t produce naturally. While many of these vitamins and minerals can be found in your dog’s current diet and dog food, the question becomes, are there enough vitamins to ensure they aren’t deficient.

Poor nutrition can lead to some of the most common health issues, such as weak joints, compromised immunity, increased allergies, and low energy.

Vitamins play a vital role in your pet’s health and overall life expectancy. Here are some multivitamin and joint relief options.

As regulations around marijuana have eased, the emergence of CBD oils for humans and dogs have sprung up.

Just to begin to dispel the negative stigma, CBD extract comes from Hemp, marijuana’s cousin. Unlike its cousin, there are no psychoactive qualities in CBD oil. An emerging number of clinical and institutional studies have shown the wide variety of healing qualities in CBD, including pain management, and the containment of seizures and epileptic episodes.

Explore this remedy further to see all the health benefits that have transformed the lives of so many dogs to date.

Have You Tried CBD For You Dog's Health?

The Good

  • Good with kids
  • Great comfort dogs

The "Ruff"

  • Need lots of exercise
  • Likely to bark