Affenpinscher​ - Toy Group

Quick Facts

OriginGermany, ratters dating back to 1500s



Color: Black, Red, Tan, Grey, Brown

Lifespan12-14 years

Temperament: High energy, high tendency to bark, low tendency to dig, requires lots of attention



Despite their size, Affenpinscher’s are known to be fearless regardless of the threat. These charming and silly pups do not like being over stimulated especially in play and are best suited to adults. While some can be family pets, children should avoid chasing or being rough with Affens, as they do not like this type of energy and activity. They are known for being goofballs. People often find their seriousness in tasks to be even more amusing.

Affenpinschers were originally bred as ratters in Germany dating back to the 1500s. As a result, they do not mix well with small pets.

Affens are often fondly called “monkey terriers” owing not only to their unusual facial structure but also their playful nature. These pups have large eyes, broad-chests, short muzzles and have ears that can either naturally droop or stand tall. Their tails can be docked to one to three inches or left in their slightly curved natural state.

Celebrity Owners

Socialite Evalyn Walsh McLean and the Owner of the Hope Diamond

Fun Facts

Because of Affen’s mischievous nature, the French refer to them as “diablotin moustachu” which translates into mustached little devil.


The first Affens in America came from Germany in 1935, traveling to NYC by steamship across the Atlantic and onward to Chicago by train.


Overall Affens are healthy pups, their most common issue is hip dysplasia. Here is a list other issues your Affen may encounter:

  • Luxating Patella: Luxating simply means out of place or dislocated. Patella is a kneecap. A Luxating patella is a kneecap that chronically moves out of its normal position.
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes DiseaseThis disease occurs at the head of the femur (the ball-and-socket joint) in your dog’s hips. Here, the femur degenerates which can cause the hip to collapse and can cause arthritis.
  • Heart Disease: There’s a myriad of causes of heart disease in dogs. Age, health and nutrition all play a vital role. With 95% of heart diseases coming in small dog breeds who are 5 years or older, thinking about preventative care and coverage is smart to do.
  • Cataracts: A dog develops a cataract when the lens in its eye clouds. The clouding is caused by changes in the water balance or proteins in the lens.
  • GlaucomaGlaucoma is caused by when the intraocular pressure (IOP) in the eye is increased.
  • Corneal UlcersCornea is the transparent membrane on the front of the eye. A corneal ulcer, the cornea is damaged.
  • Dry EyeOften observed through your dog’s red eyes, this condition is caused by a dog’s immune system attacking its lacrimal glands, shutting them down.
  • Tear Duct DisordersOften hereditary and breed specific, the tear duct (lacrimal gland) gets blocked.
  • HypothyroidismThe thyroid gland, sitting at the top of the windpipe in the back of the neck, is controlled by the pituitary gland at the base of the brand. Hypothyroidism would cause the metabolism to slow down.
  • Cushings DiseaseThis serious health condition is caused by the adrenal glands overproducing cortisol. Extreme thirst and frequent urinating are common signs.
  • Allergies Causing Itchy SkinHistamine, which is a chemical in the body associated with immune responses, is released during allergic reactions.
  • PyodermaThis is a bacterial skin infection.
  • Sebaceous cystsThese are mostly harmless, slow growing bumps under the skin.
  • Blood-clotting disease (von Willebrand’s)Caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor, a protein in the blood that helps platelets, this disease is a bleeding disorder.
  • Liver shuntThe portal vein carrying blood bypasses the liver. While most commonly a birth defect, liver disease such as cirrhosis can also be a cause.
  • HerniasA hernia occurs when contents of the dog’s abdomen pushes through the muscle wall.

While you always hope your pet will live a long and healthy life, it is always a good idea to invest in pet health insurance.

Keeping your dog’s mouth clean and problem free goes a long way to your pup’s overall health. Dental hygiene can be the cause or can be the byproduct of other serious health issues.

Visual inspections can be performed to keep track of the signs of potentially waning oral health. These signs can be anything from bad breath to abnormal chewing to loss of appetite.

Keeping ahead of these warning signs can pay dividends. A preventative approach can delay and stop many of the common dental problems from arising.

Oral health can be tackled in five basic steps:

  1. Brushing your dog’s teeth to prevent an undesirable buildup of plaque
  2. Feed your dog a diet where the high quality dog food has dental benefits
  3. Regularly give your dog dental toys and treats
  4. Use mouthwash, to help where brushing misses
  5. At the sign of any abnormalities, consult a vet. You can even do it virtually, from the convenience of your home.

Dogs are just like humans in that they can experience anxiety. The degree to which they are susceptible to anxiety and how they deal with anxiety is breed specific. Left unchecked, initial signs of anxiety could give way to an anxiety disorder. The symptoms of anxiety disorders can lead to a myriad of behavior issues.

Knowing the signs and symptoms will best equip you to keep ahead of it and to nip it in the bud at the earliest signs. There are options available to help with anxiety.

Are You Covered When Your Pup Gets Sick?


Regular coat stripping (pulling tufts of dead and loose hair out). As with all dogs, keep your pup’s nails clipped, regularly check their ears to make sure they are clean and clear of debris and brush their teeth several times a week.


Medium length, hard wiry density


Plan on spending somewhere between 20-45 min per day on activity with your pup. They are small enough that most of this time can be spent playing games around your house. Combined with a couple of brisk walks in the fresh air and your pup will be satisfied. These pups also benefit from puzzle toys to keep them mentally exercised.


Feeding your Affenpinscher a fresh whole food diet will help to decrease health issues and increase the lifespan of your beloved pet.


We’ve taken a look at some premium dog foods, high in nutrition here.

Are You Feeding Your Dog The Best Food?


Affens are known to be quite stubborn and therefore are difficult to train. Strong and friendly training is encouraged to keep the upperhand or you may end up the Beta in your house. If your become friends with your Affen you will have better results with training.

Proper training is essential to ensuring the safety of your dog and those around you. Having your dog come when they should, and in general having them listen is something you want to address early in your pup’s life, as it will pay dividends down the line. There are many tried and true training programs to accomplish this training – faster and better than you might think!

Unless you’re living on a farm, or have the space, a yipping dog, or one that barks all day when you are gone could be an issue with the neighbors and/or landlord. Historically, dogs would bark to communicate with the rest of the pack when hunting and bark as a warning shot to predators eyeing up their flock. Barking is deep rooted in dogs and manifests itself in many ways and for a variety of reasons.

Just like any habit or instinct, there are effective ways you can train this issue away.

The Best Dog Vitamins and Supplements To Keep Your Pup Healthy. Period.


As mentioned before, hip dysplasia is the most common ailment for Affenpinschers. A solid Glucosamine Supplement for hips and joints will go a long way to helping your furry friend.

Other helpful supplements include full-spectrum hemp oil or CBD oil. Fish oil skin and coat supplement.

Ensuring a comprehensive preventative vitamin and mineral plan is essential to keeping your dog healthy. Truth is, there are vitamins and minerals that your dog needs, but doesn’t produce naturally. While many of these vitamins and minerals can be found in your dog’s current diet and dog food, the question becomes, are there enough vitamins to ensure they aren’t deficient.

Poor nutrition can lead to some of the most common health issues, such as weak joints, compromised immunity, increased allergies, and low energy.

Vitamins play a vital role in your pet’s health and overall life expectancy. Here are some multivitamin and joint relief options.

As regulations around marijuana have eased, the emergence of CBD oils for humans and dogs have sprung up.

Just to begin to dispel the negative stigma, CBD extract comes from Hemp, marijuana’s cousin. Unlike its cousin, there are no psychoactive qualities in CBD oil. An emerging number of clinical and institutional studies have shown the wide variety of healing qualities in CBD, including pain management, and the containment of seizures and epileptic episodes.

Explore this remedy further to see all the health benefits that have transformed the lives of so many dogs to date.

Have You Tried CBD For You Dog's Health?

The Good

  • Great at making people laugh
  • Fearless
  • Adapts well to apartment living
  • Good with other dogs
  • Low tendency to drool

The "Ruff"

  • Not great with kids
  • Does not like being left alone
  • High tendency to bark