Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel​ - Small Dog Breed

Quick Facts

OriginEngland

Height: 12”-13”

Weight13-18 lbs

Color: Blenheim, ruby, and black & tan, tricolor: black, tan & white

Lifespan12-15 years

Temperament: Graceful, regal, friendly, playful

 

Overview

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel derives its name from King Charles II of England who loved these pups so much he created laws for them. And what’s not to love? These adorable, affectionate, people pleasing dogs are the perfect choice for family, the elderly or as therapy dogs. They have become one of the most popular dog breeds and therefore when looking to find a puppy to take home, make sure you check your breeder’s credentials and all relevant health screens on the parents.

Cavies are happy in an apartment or on a farm. They require minimal exercise and would be happiest sitting on the couch lounging with the family. These dogs are not for people who spend excessive amount of time away from home…. Unless they can go with you!

Celebrity Owners

Jennifer Love Hewitt, Natasha Ashton, Courteney Cox, Victoria Beckham, Julianne Hough, Tom Selleck, Michael Jackson, Tom Daley, Ronald & Nancy Reagan, Diane Sawyer, Kristin Davis, Teri Hatcher, Princess Margaret, Kathrine McPhee, Mickey Rooney, Liv Tyler, Dorothy Hamill, Michelle Williams, Mack Brown, Lisa Scottoline, Katherine Heigl, Amanda Bynes, Seth Rogan, Jaclyn Smith, Jimmy Buffet, Frank Sinatra, Charles Faudree

Fun Facts

  1. King Charles II, for whom the pups were named, established a law – King Charles spaniels could not be barred from any public place, not even Parliament. This law is still in existence today!

Health

Cavaliers are an incredibly popular breed of dogs. Given this, many breeders increase their supply by devious methods. It is imperative that when searching for a puppy you select a reputable breeder that supplies you with all the health screens they have done on the parents and puppies.

Some common health problems include:

  • Mitral Valve disease: The mitral valve is an important valve in the heart controlling pressure and blood flow in the heart. Over time, it can wear, leading to a few different issues in the heart.
  • Syringomyelia: Here a cyst develops and grows in the spinal cord. Over time, as the cyst grows, nerves in the spine can be pinched and damaged, causing other issues.
  • Hip dysplasia: This condition is when the socket joint in the hip isn’t large enough, or more often too shallow, for the femoral head.
  • Luxating patella: Luxating simply means out of place or dislocated. Patella is a kneecap. A Luxating patella is a kneecap that chronically moves out of its normal position.
  • Cataracts: A dog develops a cataract when the lens in its eye clouds. The clouding is caused by changes in the water balance or proteins in the lens.
  • Cherry eye: This condition is a prolapse of the third eyelid gland. This third gland is what produces the protective tear film for the eye.
  • Thrombocytopenia: Caused by low platelet cound in the blood, this lessens your bodies ability to clot blood (say, after a scrap).
  • Dry eye: Often observed through your dog’s red eyes, this condition is caused by a dog’s immune system attacking its lacrimal glands, shutting them down.
  • Otitis Externa: Also known as swimmer’s ear, this condition causes inflammation of the external ear canal.
  • Corneal ulcers: Cornea is the transparent membrane on the front of the eye. A corneal ulcer, the cornea is damaged.
  • Episodic falling syndrome: EFS is a genetic disorder unique to the CKCSs due to a mutation of their brevican gene (BCAN).

Keeping your dog’s mouth clean and problem free goes a long way to your pup’s overall health. Dental hygiene can be the cause or can be the byproduct of other serious health issues.

Visual inspections can be performed to keep track of the signs of potentially waning oral health. These signs can be anything from bad breath to abnormal chewing to loss of appetite.

Keeping ahead of these warning signs can pay dividends. A preventative approach can delay and stop many of the common dental problems from arising.

Oral health can be tackled in five basic steps:

  1. Brushing your dog’s teeth to prevent an undesirable buildup of plaque
  2. Feed your dog a diet where the high quality dog food has dental benefits
  3. Regularly give your dog dental toys and treats
  4. Use mouthwash, to help where brushing misses
  5. At the sign of any abnormalities, consult a vet. You can even do it virtually, from the convenience of your home.

Dogs are just like humans in that they can experience anxiety. The degree to which they are susceptible to anxiety and how they deal with anxiety is breed specific. Left unchecked, initial signs of anxiety could give way to an anxiety disorder. The symptoms of anxiety disorders can lead to a myriad of behavior issues.

Knowing the signs and symptoms will best equip you to keep ahead of it and to nip it in the bud at the earliest signs. There are options available to help with anxiety.

Are You Covered When Your Pup Gets Sick?

Grooming

Cavies beautiful coat should be brushed with a pin brush or comb every other day to keep it looking its best- free of tangles and matting, especially paying attention to the feathering around the ears and feet. Some owners prefer to let a groomer do any trimming and schedule visits 4-6 weeks.

Other owners keep their pup’s hair cut shorter for easier upkeep. As with all dogs, keep your pup’s nails trimmed and their ears clean and free of debris. Brush their teeth several times a week.

Exercise

Your Cavalier will need about 30 minutes of activity a day. Brisk walks and play fetch will keep your pup happy. Always keep your pup on a leash or in a secure fenced in area.

Nutrition

Cavaliers eat about one cup of food per day. Every pup is different and the exact requirements will vary depending on age and activity level. This breed is also prone to excessive weight gain. Keep your eye on the scale and adjust your feeding and treats appropriately. As you would assume here, the better the food quality, the better your dog’s health and internal systems are going to be operating.

Are You Feeding Your Dog The Best Food?

Training

As with all dogs, introducing your pup to people and other dogs at a young age is wonderful for helping your pup excel in social situations. Cavies respond best to gentle training. Overall, these pups are eager to please and highly motivated by treats. Their desire to be around people and their affable disposition make them a wonderful option for a therapy dog.

Proper training is essential to ensuring the safety of your dog and those around you. Having your dog come when they should, and in general having them listen is something you want to address early in your pups life, as it will pay dividends down the line. There are many tried and true training programs to accomplish this training – faster and better than you might think!

Unless you’re living on a farm, or have the space, a yipping dog, or one that barks all day when you are gone could be an issue with the neighbors and/or landlord. Historically, dogs would bark to communicate with the rest of the pack when hunting and bark as a warning shot to predators eyeing up their flock. Barking is deep rooted in dogs and manifests itself in many ways and for a variety of reasons.

Just like any habit or instinct, there are effective ways you can train this issue away.

The Best Dog Vitamins and Supplements To Keep Your Pup Healthy. Period.

Supplements

A solid Glucosamine Supplement for hips and joints will go a long way to helping your furry friend.

Other helpful supplements include full-spectrum hemp oil or CBD oil. Fish oil skin and coat supplement.

Ensuring a comprehensive preventative vitamin and mineral plan is essential to keeping your dog healthy. Truth is, there are vitamins and minerals that your dog needs, but doesn’t produce naturally. While many of these vitamins and minerals can be found in your dog’s current diet and dog food, the question becomes, are there enough vitamins to ensure they aren’t deficient.

Poor nutrition can lead to some of the most common health issues, such as weak joints, compromised immunity, increased allergies, and low energy.

Vitamins play a vital role in your pet’s health and overall life expectancy. Here are some multivitamin and joint relief options.

As regulations around marijuana have eased, the emergence of CBD oils for humans and dogs have sprung up.

Just to begin to dispel the negative stigma, CBD extract comes from Hemp, marijuana’s cousin. Unlike its cousin, there are no psychoactive qualities in CBD oil. An emerging number of clinical and institutional studies have shown the wide variety of healing qualities in CBD, including pain management, and the containment of seizures and epileptic episodes.

Explore this remedy further to see all the health benefits that have transformed the lives of so many dogs to date.

Have You Tried CBD For You Dog's Health?

The Good

  • Great with kids
  • Affectionate lap dogs

The "Ruff"

  • More engaged grooming
  • Not great when left alone for long periods of time